Editorial roundup: Virus will test Minnesota’s strong public health system
Published 8:49 pm Monday, March 9, 2020
Thankfully, an army of skilled professionals is experienced in containing disease.
COVID-19 has officially arrived in Minnesota, with Gov. Tim Walz announcing Friday that a Ramsey County resident who had been on a cruise ship contracted the disease.
The news is jarring but shouldn’t come as a surprise. The viral disease that originated in China has gone global and marched steadily across the United States this year. Fortunately, its Minnesota greeting party consists of the public health equivalent of a well-armed, battle-tested U.S. Navy SEAL team.
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Yes, the aggressive disease trackers at the state Department of Health are that good. Not only that, they’re backed up by some serious firepower — the infectious-disease experts at the University of Minnesota, Mayo Clinic and other medical centers in the state’s world-class health care system.
That’s no guarantee against more cases or that daily life won’t be disrupted. But it should serve as a confidence-booster now that the virus has made its presence known here. It’s also a reminder that taxpayer dollars spent fortifying the state’s public health resources have been a wise investment. Few other states are as well-prepared to detect and contain COVID-19, the disease caused by a new coronavirus strain.
Thanks to strong staffing, Minnesota is able to put a large number of scientific boots on the ground during a public health crisis compared to many states. Its disease detectives are talented and experienced. In recent years, they successfully contained an outbreak of one of the world’s most contagious illnesses — measles — that originated in the Twin Cities metro area’s Somali-American community in 2017.
Many on staff also are veterans of the world’s last pandemic, which happened in 2009 and involved influenza. Being on public health’s front lines isn’t new for Minnesotans. That’s where their jobs routinely take them, and their record of working with patients and communities to stop disease spread is impressive.
This competent readiness didn’t happen overnight. It’s the result of decades of farsighted leadership within the Minnesota Department of Health and the support of state political leaders, both Republicans and Democrats. Minnesota has been especially well-served by the epidemiologists — scientists who specialize in disease distribution, spread and control — who have led outbreak investigations over the years.
Under former state epidemiologist Michael Osterholm, now at the University of Minnesota, MDH gained renown for its ability to quickly trace the origins of foodborne illness. A key part of its successful formula: mounting a ferocious effort to interview those who are ill. Casting a wide net, then sifting through the answers, allowed the team to identify commonalities and hone in on an outbreak’s origin.
The staffers and public health graduate students who make these phone calls are known as “Team Diarrhea” in honor of a common symptom of foodborne disease. The approach has won national acclaim and is looked to as an example for other states to follow. The Health Department’s praiseworthy collaboration with Minnesota Department of Agriculture scientists has also played a vital role in fighting outbreaks.
The Health Department’s pandemic planning reflects this energetic, “work the problem” spirit, too. Its staff has long been at the national forefront of planning for catastrophic disease outbreaks. They began this undertaking around 20 years ago, helping organize one of the first national pandemic preparedness gatherings in Atlanta, where the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is located. (That event featured a speech on how the media would respond. The speaker was a Star Tribune reporter who’s now an editorial writer.)
This level of expert readiness doesn’t excuse the public from doing its part, such as hand-washing and staying home from work when sick. Nor does it exempt Minnesota’s political, community and business leaders from lending their skills. The state has a long history of coming together to overcome complex challenges.
A COVID-19 task force that serves to aid and advise the state’s disease-trackers would be a sensible step. One of the benefits: Members could amplify public health messaging and back up difficult calls, such as the need to postpone public events or close schools. Such a task force could serve as a model for other states. The Legislature also should provide MDH with additional funding, as the Star Tribune Editorial Board has urged.
The battle between humans and pathogens is never-ending. Germs inevitably will get a temporary upper hand at some point, with pandemics one of the outcomes when this happens. As the state reacts to COVID-19 making landfall here, the expertise within our borders is reassuring.
— Minneapolis Star Tribune, March 7